Tuesday, October 20, 2020

Woman, 26, adopts 14 orphans after gap year trip to Africa & they are thriving now they have a family home

A YOUNG British woman has become mum to a staggering 14 Tanzanian children she met after volunteering in an orphanage on her gap year.

Letty McMaster, 26, was just 18 years old when a month-long trip volunteering at an orphanage in Africa changed her life forever.

Letty McMaster, 26, from Kent, has adopted 14 Tanzanian orphans after a gap-year.

She ended up staying for three years to support the children she had met, and when the orphanage shut down, Letty took in nine youngsters who would have been left homeless.

Seven years on, she lives with the children after becoming legal guardian to them ALL - as well as five more kids she met on the streets or at a safe house she runs.

Letty, from Tunbridge Wells, Kent, said: "These children are my whole life, I raise them all on my own and they keep me going through the long hours of juggling everything.

"I'd always had in mind that I wanted to help street children so my family and friends weren't surprised but I never expected to end up doing all this.

Letty lives with the children after becoming a legal guardians to them ALL.

"I am the parental figure in the house - some of the little boys who never had a parent view me as their mum but most see me more as a big sister as I'm not that much older than some of them.

"I'm just like any mum raising teenagers - I made a commitment to them and I just feel so blessed to have two families!"

Letty had just completed her A-levels in 2013 when she flew to Tanzania with the plan of volunteering at an orphanage for a month before returning home for university.

But she said she soon realised the children were being physically and mentally abused, claiming staff only fed the kids once a day and pocketed the cash donated for schooling by tourists.

Letty said the children 'are her whole life'.

Letty said: "I chose to fly to Tanzania after seeing figures that showed hundreds of thousands of children living on the streets.

"Voluntourism and white saviourism at this orphanage is why I've done all this.

"I saw the awfully damaging impact it was having on the children and how it was fueling an ongoing cycle of abuse.

"Many orphanages are like this - it's all just a money making scheme and an exploitation of the children.

"The kids still don't understand it and I'm sure the Westerners had no idea - they thought they were helping but were actually causing so much damage.

"The abuse the children were going through in the orphanage was horrendous and I saw the impact that it had on the kids and knew immediately something had to change.

"I couldn't leave them in that situation so my new goal was to get them a family home."

Letty founded Street Children Iringa as a UK registered charity.

When the orphanage was closed by the council in 2016, Letty fought for the right to open her own home, in Iringa, for the nine children left homeless.

She founded Street Children Iringa as a UK registered charity and has taken another five children into her home after meeting them on the streets and through the safe house that she runs.

None of the children were attending school and lived in between the streets and the orphanage when she first met them but their lives have changed immensely since moving into Letty's home.

One of her boys, Eliah, was found on the streets in the middle of winter wearing just a t-shirt after his mum passed away.

He is now in the top 20 of pupils in his year at his school.

Fred, 11, had not eaten for days when he was spotted cowering in a dump.

The orphans lives have changed immensely since moving into Letty's home.

Since moving into the family home in 2019, he's been accepted into a prestigious football academy.

After his parents died when he was just two-years-old, Iddy had spent most of his life between the streets, gangs and the orphanage where Letty first met him.

He moved into the family home in 2016 and is now a talented boxer and musician with his music being played on local radio stations.

Letty said: "Since having a place to call home, they have all excelled in education and in every aspect of their lives.

"Gosberth is one of the boys that I've looked after for the past seven years and is now studying at one of the top private schools in the country and is the number one pupil in his year.

"Eva is 19 and is chairperson of her year at university - she's doing so well and has got a volunteer internship with an international NGO.

"Obviously it takes time to settle into the house from street life and traumatic experiences and it can take a while to get them into family life, routine and leaving street behaviour behind.

"Razarlo is studying to become a tour guide at the national park whilst Plshon and Iddy have recorded music that is played on local radios.

"Seeing their drive, determination and success is what makes all the balancing that I have to do worth it."

None of the children were attending school and lived in between the streets and the orphanage when she first met them and gave them a home.

She added: "I decided I wanted to create a place for these children to call home where they would be safe, stable and loved and no longer treated as if they were in a zoo.

"I wanted them to have a normal family life and the charity has helped to pay for running the home and food costs as well as medical and educational needs."

She lives in Iringa with the children nine months of the year, coming to the UK for the rest of the year to fundraise through sponsored events and an annual charity ball.

She often works long 12 hour days but managed to graduate with a degree in Development Studies from the University of SOAS, London.

"I decided I wanted to create a place for these children to call home where they would be safe, stable and loved and no longer treated as if they were in a zoo." Letty McMaster.

Just like mums and dads around the world, she squeezed revision and essays into the few hours after the kids went to bed.

Single Letty, who is fluent in Swahili, said: "I can't even give you a normal day - it changes every single day.

"It's basically a 12 hour day, if not longer, waking up early but not going to sleep until very late.

"When everyone comes home from school, they've all got their own stories to share and homework, football training and music commitments.

"It's a family home all the way.

"They see me as a big sister. I've raised them so they feel I'm the parent and then the two workers I have are like their aunties.

"I'd love to have my own children in the future but obviously my life is so hectic that dating isn't something that I have time to think about right now!"

"Since having a place to call home, they have all excelled in education and in every aspect of their lives." Letty McMaster.

Letty also runs a safe house, which she opens three days a week, to give street children a safe place to come and access shelter, food and resources.

Accompanied by the eldest boys in her home, she takes to the street at night to find homeless children in need.

Letty said: "There are always more children that need help out here in Tanzania.

"The most challenging part in what I do is securing the funding to support all of this.

"Over the next five years, my plan is to help as many children off the streets as possible.

"If these children are not guided on a path, they very often get caught up in gangs, drug violence and criminal activities with the risk of jail or even ending up dead.

"The more donations the charity is able to get, the more children and young adults that are supported in a life off the streets."

Evil grandma horrifically scalds girl, 4, in shower for peeing on the sofa

A girl was left with horrific burns after her evil grandma scalded her in a hot shower as a punishment for peeing on the couch.

Gretta Feil, 50, has been sentenced to 12 years in prison for disfiguring her four-year-old granddaughter in Indiana, US.

Gretta Feil, 50, pleaded guilty to counts of aggravated battery against her granddaughter.

The evil grandma left the four-year-old with permanent scarring after burning her for a 'wetting accident'

Feil was arrested after the Indiana Division of Child Services discovered that the four-year-old had extensive third-degree burns requiring surgery on her face, scalp and genitals.

The child was staying with the grandma in April when the “horrific abuse” occurred, according to Boone County prosecutors.

Police were called to Feil's home after reports from concerned neighbours, who could hear screaming and loud cursing.

Cops then got the granddaughter out of the apartment before she was rushed to Riley Hospital for Children.

When the girl was examined by medics, she was found to have bruises on her stomach, buttocks, arms, thighs, and shins.

She also had bleeding under her skin caused by blunt force trauma, and lab tests showed internal injuries to the child's organs.

Court records also said that the girl had difficulty walking.

The little girl told her mother she was burned in the shower, investigators said, while other relatives told police Feil struck her with a wooden backscratcher and took her into a bathroom, reports Fox News.


An investigation revealed Feil put the girl in the shower after she had a “wetting accident” on the couch.

The water temperature inside Feil’s shower reached 132 degrees in just 15 seconds and got as hot as 137 degrees after 30 seconds, the affidavit shows.

She will likely be permanently scarred and disfigured from being burnt, according to a nurse practitioner.

Special Victim’s Prosecutor Heidi Jennings said in a statement: "Her physical scars are healing, and we hope that this sentence today helps the healing process for her emotional scars.

"The evidence suggested Gretta Feil’s abuse of this child was beginning to escalate."

The evil grandma, who pleaded guilty to two counts of aggravated battery in September, previously claimed her granddaughter was burnt after getting into "her cream and lotions" inside her apartment.

The nurse who examined the victim said that had she remained in Feil's care and the abuse continued, it could have potentially escalated and led the little girl's death.

Heidi Jennings said: "We are thankful to every person who intervened and saved this child’s life, especially the neighbours who did not ignore the child’s cries of distress.

"They did what we need all persons to do – SEE SOMETHING, SAY SOMETHING."

When the little girl was examined by medics, she was found to have bruises on her stomach, buttocks, arms, thighs, and shins - from Feil's abuse.

Police were called to Feil's home after reports from concerned neighbours, who could hear screaming and loud cursing.

Monday, October 19, 2020

The Seeds of the "Springtime of the Peoples:" A Study in the Causes of the Revolutions of 1848

There have been plenty of greater revolutions in the history of the modern world, and certainly plenty of more successful ones. Yet there has been none which spread more rapidly and widely, running like a bushfire across frontiers, countries, and even oceans.

The Battle of Buda

The year of 1848, as described by Eric Hobsbawm, was painted with the colors of revolution all across continental Europe. Excepting England and Russia, all other states in Europe witnessed a revolution this year. Thus, this year is popularly known as ‘the springtime of peoples.’

Many historians point out that the Revolutions of 1848 were inspired by two other major events from the prior century: the French Revolution of 1789-1799 and the American Revolution of 1776. Seaman (1976) goes to the extent of arguing that all revolutions of the 19th century evolved from both these revolutions. He says that both of them taught two lessons to the people of Europe. The first was that many people could succeed in a revolution against their king. 

The second was that revolutions were the means to fulfill the dreams and desires of every nation. It must be noted, however, that he called the outbreak of this Revolution in France a “mistake” and dubs 1848 the “Year of Failure.” This paper examines the various sources of discontent within the populations of Europe and explores the major causes of the revolutions that swept across the continent in that year.

Background for the Revolutions

Jacque Droz and many other historians argue that the Revolutions of 1848 were caused by a combination of two factors– political crisis and economic crisis. Let us look at the economic crisis first.

The economic crisis is divided into two major crises–agrarian crisis and financial or credit crisis. There is a debate, though, regarding as to which crisis was the prime feature of the economic crisis. Some historians argue that it was the agrarian crisis, which led to a problem of credit; while others say that a credit crisis led to widespread harvest failure.

It is, however, clear that in 1839, many regions of Europe saw harvest failure. These include Belgium, Germany, Flanders, Ireland, Scotland, France and so on. Historians agree that it was mainly barley, wheat and potato that failed; and all being staple crops, the crisis was very sharp. Eric Vanhaute points out that the effects of the crisis were not uniform throughout Europe.

Many historians like J. Mokyr, A. Maharatna and M. Lachiver state that the crisis was more severe in regions than others. Some of these were regions that were dependent upon a single-crop pattern for agriculture; for example Scotland and Ireland. Other places where the support of the Church and that of the State declined, the peasantry had little help; making the crisis more taxing, like that in France. Besides these, regions with low industrialization and lesser opportunities for jobs not based in land faced the brunt of the crisis much more. Peter Jones elaborates that the food crisis continued till 1846-1847 and sparked off the revolutions. He goes onto highlight how it led to other problems for the cities.

The general inadequacy of the land as far as food production was concerned had caused migration on a vast scale… The majority of this immigrant population was itinerant, as shown by the vast increase in the numbers living in lodging-houses in the central districts [in Paris].

Jones goes on to note that the largest portion of the immigrants was male; thus a potential force of “violent rioters” was ready at hand. Thus, it is safe to conclude that the crisis in food production impacted the rural peasant folk and the urban working class the most. Mark Spencer says that the rising poverty due to lower wages and high prices shows how it was mainly the crisis of agriculture that shaped up the discontent amongst the populations, culminating in the revolutions of 1848.

However, many other historians like Helge Berge argue that the main cause for the economic decline in Europe lay not in the crisis of food production. It is the crisis in another sector of the economy that they put the main source of the economic malaise in the 1840s–the credit crisis.

The Credit Crisis

In the 1840s, the term ‘capitalism’ began to find space in the realm of the dominant discourse in all of Europe. Credit being a key feature of the same, played a major role in the economy. Thus, any crisis in the economy would also be caused by a crisis in the finance and credit sectors. As the 19th century Le Journale des Economistes (ed. by Gillbert Gillaumin) noted, the credit crisis eventually led to the agrarian crisis.

In the 1840s, the major investment was primarily in the railways and industry. The landlords chiefly invested in both these emerging sectors; and thus decreased the gross investment in agriculture; leading to an overall decline in the output of land. A huge chunk of land was freed from cultivation (mainly by landlords) and put into the industrial sector. This further lowered the land under cultivation, lowering the total output from land.

The states that oversaw the industrialization process gave out bonds and shares to raise money for railways and industries, depleting the state’s share of revenue and money from the treasury. Also, guarantee on credit was virtually absent as land comprised of the major asset against loans; which was in itself in scarcity, as discussed above. Personal loans and borrowings further increased the pressure on the credit system. Thus, the whole mechanism of credit crashed under this enormous weight.

Also, this led to a depression in trade and commerce, leading to major discontent amongst the middle classes or the bourgeoisie. The clear demand of this class was thus for more and more policies of Liberalism.

However, as Droz argues, the economic crisis was ebbing out by the beginning of 1848. Yet the Revolution happened just after that. Thus, economic factors were not the sole cause of the Revolutions in 1848. A lot of developments in the political realms and the development of newer political theories and ideologies also had an important presence in the years before the revolutions of 1848 broke out.

Political and Social Tensions

Historian Vivier argues that the economic reasons are not enough to explain the outbreak of the revolutions in 1848. He says that a mix of various crises–political and ideological and social– effected them.

The political motivations of the revolutionaries were evident from their demands and their actions in the early phase of the revolution. It must not be forgotten that the forces of Conservatism and Reaction consolidated the period after 1815. Monarchs ruled all countries in Europe and became the targets for the revolutionaries.

The first instance of the Revolution was on 12 January 1848 in Naples, Italy. The revolution here was directed against the foreign rule of Ferdinand II of the Spanish-Bourbon dynasty. The main targets were the foreign monarchy and the territorial settlement at the Congress of Vienna (1815). Therefore, the Metternich System was at the head of malcontents.

Similarly, in France, on 12 February 1848, barricades were set up in the streets of Paris against Louis Phillip of the Orleans dynasty and his Reactionary prime minister Guizot. The Revolution was up against inadequate political rights of the petite bourgeoisie and the working class and the maladministration of the monarch.

There were two dominant trends in the political patterns of the revolution. One was seen in Austria, Italy and Germany, where the revolution was directed against foreign rule and the settlements of the Congress of Vienna. Meanwhile, France, Switzerland, Spain and Portugal saw revolutions against inadequate rights and inconsistent policies of the parliament. Thus the revolutions followed two major patterns and sets of grievances.

As Peter Stearnes argues, some major political strands or ideologies emerged and influenced the Revolutions. The first was that of the Liberals. They believed in the ideas of Liberalism as forwarded by many intellectuals in the 18th century. They had a more or less moderate goal, i.e. they wanted a constitutional monarchy. However, they were weary of leading the revolution as they viewed the 1789 Revolution in France as a major catastrophe. Besides, they wanted a limited representation and a small base of suffrage, based on ownership of property and education.

The other faction was that of the Radicals. They were an offshoot of the liberals but looked at a more radical goal, that of total Republicanism. Peter Stearns elaborates that

Most of them were democrats, and all wanted wide suffrage… They were not socialists but they were concerned about economic injustice and talked about the need for social reform to protect the working classes.

Thus, it is clear that the Radical method of achieving the goal was only and only revolution. Thus, many a Radical leaders also played a key role during the Revolutions of 1848.

Another group of moderates emerged in the Nationalists. They believed in the supremacy of the nation over the individual; however, they agreed with the Liberals that civil liberties must be ensured by the state upon its citizens. However, as Mazzini, a thorough Nationalist, theorized, the liberation of the nation is a precursor to the endowment of liberty to the people. The Nationalists thus looked to promote ‘national culture’, which was based in language and historical consciousness. This idea held special space in Italy and Germany later in the century as they were to be politically unified.

A minor group within Italy emerged, called the Neo-Guelfs. They supported the Papal authority and sought to restore the Roman Catholic Church in all its glory by establishing a Papal Federation. The Neo-Guelfs held some stand in the middle quarters of the century; but lost out in the ultimate political framework almost a decade after the Italian Unification under Cavour and Garibaldi.

Although there were many differences amongst these ideological groups, it is clear that they had some common features. They were all looking to gain self-determination, as opposed to the Metternich System and monarchical governments. All of them upheld liberal civil rights for a wider section of the population; and thus worked to establish a parliament and a constituent assembly after the easy surrender of the monarchical forces in early 1848. Thus it can safely be argued that they were all nationalistic in nature. It must here be noted that C.A. Bayly identifies this whole period as the period of nation formation in terms of modernity and global history; thus, the importance of the rise of nationalist ideas cannot be ignored here.

Another nascent force of politics was to be seen in Socialism and Communism. By 1848, the socialists had cemented their place in the political sphere of Europe and were an undeniable presence. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels also published their Manifesto of the Communist Party in February of 1848. The influence of the socialist ideas was seen widely growing, especially amongst the students and teachers at the big universities in Europe.

However, it is clear from the examples above that political aspirations and ideological strands were not a prime mover when it comes to the 1848 revolutions as there is little space for their being as widely affective as something like food crisis or rising poverty. Thus, scholars have turned to other social factors to look for the major causes of the outbreak of the 1848 revolutions.

Class Conflict

Although it is true that the socio-economic antagonisms in all the countries of Europe were not uniform, it is also true that the everyday existence of the social classes was not very different from the days of the ancient regime. As may be evident, certain classes like the bourgeoisie, the working class, the petty bourgeoisie, the mercantile and professional bourgeoisies, the peasantry, landlords, aristocrats and monarchs were present in all countries of Europe at this point in time. This has led many scholars to argue that it was in the social antagonisms that the major causes for the outbreak of the Revolutions lie.

William Langer, Eric Hobsbawm, George Rudé, Peter Jones, Arnost Klima and many others argue that it was the poor condition of the working class that caused the 1848 revolutions. Industrial antagonisms, as they argue, defined the everyday experience of the workers; the situation was same in almost all of Europe. Widespread malnourishment, low wages, disease, lack of civil rights, access to healthcare and poor living conditions characterized the life of a worker. Peter Jones goes on to explain that the revolutionary consciousness emerged from the rising working class consciousness as an effect of the Industrial Revolution.

However, Peter Stearns points out that the working class consciousness didn’t exist in 1848. The industrial revolution, he says, was not important in 1848; it was in its nascent stages. The regions of industrialization were mostly in the peripheries of the towns; but it was the towns that proved to be a center for the revolutions, cutting off the workers from the barricades. Besides, the condition of workers was so miserable that they had little mobilization amongst them for a revolutionary cause, per se.

He points out that the key group of protestors in the Revolution was that of the artisans, not the workers. The artisans were aggrieved by the breakdown of the guild workshops and high competition from the factory produced goods. The greatest fear of the artisans was that of proletarianisation. Thus, they attacked both the capitalists and nobility as well as the proletariat during the confrontations at the barricade, especially in Vienna, Berlin, Paris and Milan.

Stearns also looks into the participation of the peasantry in the Revolutions and he argues that it was very little. There were many causes for discontent amongst the peasantry, unemployment being one of them. However, whence the revolution came, the landlords were divided into either revolutionary or feudal; the majority being that of the latter. And due to fears and insecurities of the city life and urban occupations, the peasantry flocked to their landlords. Thus, they didn’t participate in the revolutionary activities. It is here, he traces the ultimate failure of the bourgeoisie in 1848–its inability to incorporate the peasantry within the movement.

The bourgeoisie itself led the revolutions of 1848 by virtue of being the ‘enlightened’ class. As Eric Hobsbawm puts is, the bourgeoisie organised the revolutions; which were enforced by the laboring masses of workers and artisans. The grande bourgeoisie or the capitalists wanted more representation and participation in the state. The middle of professional bourgeoisie wanted greater suffrage. The petty or petite bourgeoisie wanted lower taxes and better communications in railways, telegraphs etc.

Lewis B. Namier calls the revolutions of 1848 the “revolutions of intellectuals” as he sees the revolutions engineered by the enlightened bourgeoisie; who also carried forward the revolutions after the repression of the barricades by the state machinery. Examples of enlightened intellectual leaders are found in almost all revolutions–Palicqui, Robert Bloom, Mazzini, Dahlmann et al. But, Karl Marx argues that all of them betrayed the revolution.

Marx writes that most of them were liberals, thus, ready to enter into a compromise with the monarchs and governments on their own terms. This betrayed the demands of the proletariat and sidelined all aspirations of the muscle power of the revolution; thus betraying the revolution itself, by helping counter-revolution regain ground later in the year. Arnost Klima, however, argues that even though counter-revolution won, it did not slip back into old feudal structures. Civil liberties were established in perpetuity. At the same time Sperber, Stearns and David Thomson, as elaborated above, argued that the sole reason for the failure of the bourgeoisie was the lack of mobilization of the peasantry; the proletariat, they argue, was not involved in the movement in a big way at all. However, L.C.B. Seaman points out that if the peasantry were to take part in the revolution, it would have proved to be a burden as it was highly volatile and disorganized a group to be relied upon.

Another major unorganized and disoriented social category was that of the clergy and the Church. Due to their repression by various groups ever since the days of the French Revolution of 1789, they had brewing discontent against the state structure. To address this, they actively supported the Revolutions to topple the governments. As discussed above, this also led to the rise of the Neo-Guelfs. Widespread attacks on the church, clergymen and followers led to the active role of these groups, especially in Bavaria (Protestant soldiers against the Catholic state) and Prussia (divisions amongst the armed forces on religious lines due to enforcement of Protestant sacraments). Anti-Semitism also played a key role in mobilising religious groups in the Revolutions.

To sum up, Peter Jones says that socio-economic causes can only be seen as an indirect cause of the revolutions of 1848. They were slow to form the backgrounds of the revolutions. Due to newer changes, newer conflicts kept arising.


The 1848 Revolutions were marked by popular upheaval. The causes for discontent were many, as were the responses to these by both groups–the governments and the revolutionaries. Although this year saw a one-of-a-kind “divine violence” (as conceptualized by Walter Benjamin) on this large a scale, the revolutions failed in all places except for France. Many historians have debated the possible causes for the failure of the Revolutions of 1848. But most of them agree that this was a unique revolutionary period, where a huge number of people of an entire continent, rose up in revolution, to get what they dreamed and achieve what they aspired.

Perhaps, Jonathan Sperber offers the best reading of this phase of revolutions by looking at it in a most unique way,

The revolutions of the mid-nineteenth century were clear successors to the French Revolution of 1789; social and economic preconditions to both revolutions were distinctly similar; the main political groupings of 1848 all ultimately stemmed from analogous groups first created between 1789 and 1793… They [1848] were a greatly expanded, partially revised, and, with “success” narrowly defined as a long-term change of regime, ultimately unsuccessful version of the French Revolution of 1789… we might call this radicalism of 1848 [in being successful in bettering the lives of the “small producers”], Jacobinism with a human face… perhaps the most interesting legacy for us to ponder today.”

It is for us to “ponder” as to what lessons we might learn today from the revolutions that shaped the future of European politics. While the contemporary politics and culture of Europe finds its roots in two major revolutions–1789 and 1919; however, it is 1848 that lent true character to Europe; its failure lay in its being in between these two, as Sperber argues, and not being able to be authentically closer to either of the two revolutions preceding it. If one may take the risk, it can also be seen as a major precursor to the two most devastating events of the modern world–The First World War (1914-1919) and The Second World War (1939-1945).


Hobsbawm, Eric Age of Capital: 1848-1875 (2012, Abacus, London).

Jones, Peter The 1848 Revolutions (1981, Longman Group Ltd., Essex).

Seaman, L.C.B. From Vienne to Versailles (1976, Methuen & Co. Ltd., Kent).

Sperber, Jonathan The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (1994, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).

Stearns, Peter N. 1848: The Revolutionary Tide in Europe (1974, W.W.Norton, New York).

Mom hid two pregnancies then threw newborns to die in the trash ‘because her boyfriend didn’t want kids’

A YouTube make-up artist threw her newborn babies in the bin and left them to die after hiding her pregnancy from everyone.

Alyssa Dayvault, 31, has been found guilty of killing the two babies just 13 months apart, in 2017 and 2018, after hiding both pregnancies from her boyfriend and mother.

She gave birth to a boy and a girl and, in both cases, put them in rubbish bags and threw them in the bin, where they were left to die.

Dayvault surrendered to police in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, and skipped her trial.

She was found guilty of two counts of homicide by child abuse and now faces a sentence ranging from 20 years to life without parole.

Alyssa Dayvault was convicted of two counts of homicide by child abuse.

The 32 year old - seen here at an earlier court hearing - has gone missing.

But she wasn't in court to hear the verdict as her whereabouts is currently unknown, revealed the 15th Circuit Solicitor’s Office.

Dayvault was accused of hiding two pregnancies - one in 2017 and one in 2018 - from her boyfriend and family before giving birth in secret.

The YouTube make-up artist then put the newborns into trash bags and threw them away, prosecutors said.

Dayvault faces 20 years to life without parole in prison on each count of homicide when she is eventually found.

When asked by cops why she threw the tots away, she reportedly said her boyfriend didn't want kids and was also scared how her mom would react. 

Dayvault told police, in earlier taped interviews, that her daughter was born with the umbilical cord around her neck and died in November 2017.

Dayvault was accused of hiding pregnancies in 2017 and 2018.

The YouTube make-up artist then put the newborns into trash bags.

She then claimed she blacked out for at least 15 minutes after giving birth to her son in December 2018 and found him dead when she came to.

Dayvault then panicked and threw both bodies away, the court heard.

But a pathologist testified the baby boy appeared to expel meconium, fecal matter babies have when they are born, inside the trash bag.

He added that tests showed the infant was alive when the bag was closed, slowly cutting off his oxygen supply.

"That child was alive in the trash can," prosecutor Scott Hixson said in closing arguments.

Police only started investigating Dayvault after she went to the doctor days after the 2018 birth because a tear caused by her labor became infected.

The mom-of-two then panicked and threw both bodies away, the court heard.

Dayvault faces 20 years to life without parole in prison on each count of homicide.

After giving her a blood transfusion, medics discovered an undelivered placenta in her uterus and when Dayvault couldn't account for the baby, they called police.

Dayvault admitted to putting her son in a trash bag and throwing it out, during an interview with police.

She also told investigators she had a daughter the year before and also threw her away.

Even though Dayvault skipped her trial, her lawyer put up a defense.

In her closing argument, public defender Sharde Crawford repeated the testimony from the pathologist that an autopsy couldn't determine how exactly the baby boy died in 2018.

She said failing to get pre-natal care or hiding a pregnancy probably wasn't a good idea, but also wasn't against the law.

She said that she gave birth to the baby boy at her Myrtle Beach home.

The judge issued a warrant for her arrest after she failed to turn up to her trial.

"She panicked. She was scared. Here was this child she hadn't told her family about because she was going to give it up for adoption," Crawford added.

Prosecutors said they sought convictions for homicide by child abuse because Dayvault showed extreme indifference to whether her newborns lived or died.

They said they are now looking nationwide for Dayvault, who didn't show up for any of the four days of her trial at the Horry County courthouse.

Chris Matechen, Dayvault’s ex-boyfriend and the biological father of the two babies, was in court when the verdict was read out.

“For two years, I’ve been living with this burden, no type of closure - or anything like that,” he said.

“She’s been able to walk the streets for the last eight months - a free woman.

"Hopefully with this it will be a little easier for me and my family to get through this.

"It is by far and away the hardest thing weve ever had to deal with. Justice coming to her makes it a little easier to comprehend."

Mum’s agony after her ‘best friend tied up, starved and tortured 18-month-old son’ while babysitting him

A mom-of-three tied up and beat a toddler while babysitting him before taking pictures of his injuries, it's alleged.

Gulmira Lukyanova, 25, is alleged to have regularly tortured little Maksim Pisarev while she babysat for her best friend in the village of Koyanbay in south-central Russia.

The little boy had extensive bruising on his face.

It is alleged babysitter Gulmira Lukyanova inflicted the injuries on little Maksim.

Mum Yevgeniya Kabelskaya said she 'trusted' her friend to care for Maksim.

Horrific images taken by Lukyanova show the slight 18-month-old sitting on the floor with his hands and legs tied up and covered in facial bruises.

Reports say the woman was supposed to babysit Maksim while his mother was at work but ‘treated him like a prisoner’ instead.

She allegedly made up stories for the toddler’s mother, 20-year-old Yevgeniya Kabelskaya, to explain the numerous bruises on his face and body.

“Gulmira was my best friend and I trusted her,” Ms. Kabelskaya told local media.

Maksim’s ordeal lasted for several months before his mother became suspicious.

“Once I came from work and saw a horrible bruise on Maksim’s left cheek,” she said. “Gulmira said he had fallen from the top of the piano. I did not believe her and reported the fact to the police.”

Mum-of-three Lukyanova, who is pregnant with her fourth child, allegedly confessed to tying up Maksim during a police interrogation.

She has been charged with torturing a minor and put under house arrest, and faces up to seven years in prison if convicted.

The babysitter allegedly tied the boy up so that ‘he did not bother her’ leaving him without food and water for the whole day, and beat him with a stick for crying.

During an investigation, police received a tip-off from Lukyanova’s brother after she sent him the distressing pictures, which have now been released to media by the toddler’s mum.

“She sent me the pictures saying they were ‘funny’,” the accused’s brother Ruslan Bukenov told local media.

“Once I came to visit her and saw the boy being tied to a radiator. She said she was punishing him for misbehaving and laughed.”

Police have also launched a criminal case against Maksim’s mother, for leaving the boy in danger, and are continuing to investigate.

Gulmira Lukyanova is alleged to have tortured the little boy in Russia.

Sunday, October 18, 2020

'In Extreme Danger' Urgent hunt for two missing brothers, 6 and 2, abducted by their mom

POLICE issued an Amber Alert on Sunday for two boys, ages 6 and 2, who they fear may be in "extreme danger" after being abducted by their mother.

The alert, issued in Alabama, said that Sarah Lynne Caswell, 33, kidnapped her two sons Kaiden Wall, 6, and Kolden Wall, 2, from Pascagoula, Mississippi.

Authorities believe Sarah Lynne Caswell kidnapped her two sons, who she does not have custody of.

An Amber Alert was issued for Kaiden Wall, 6, and Kolden Wall, 2.

Police believe the boys may be in danger.

Caswell may be driving an Audi in the Mobile, Alabama, area.

The boys were last seen on Friday around 5:21 p.m. in the area of Beach Park Drive in the Jackson County city, authorities said.

The boys are believe to be in extreme danger, authorities said, and Caswell does not have custody.

Authorities believe she is driving a silver 2007 Audi A4 with an Alabama license plate, and that she may be in the Mobile, Alabama, area.

The boys' mother was described as a white female with blue eyes and black hair, about 5-foot-2 and about 150 pounds.

Both of the missing boys were described as having brown hair and brown eyes.

Kaiden is about 3-foot-6 and weighs around 120 pounds, and Kolden is about 2-foot-3 and weighs around 40 pounds.

Anyone who has seen the car or has any information that could be related to the missing boys is asked to contact the Pascagoula Police Department.

20 Historical Photos Proving That Time Changes, but Love Remains the Same

As George Burns once said, “Love is a lot like a backache: it doesn’t show up on X-rays, but you know it’s there.” Indeed, love is the most mysterious of human emotions that can be shown and felt in many different ways. But sometimes, if you catch the right moment, you may get the feeling that you’ve managed to get closer to the very essence of being in love.

We gathered the most passionate photos of couples from the past that will not leave you indifferent.

1. A young couple in California, the 1970s

© glassforgrass / reddit

2. Steve McQueen with his wife Neile Adams, 1963

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

3. The look right before a kiss, 1950s

© GrandpaSquarepants / reddit

4. Jayne Mansfield with her husband Mickey Hargitay at the Cannes Film Festival, 1957

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

5. 2 lovers in Washington Square Park, New York, 1962

© Meunderwears / reddit

6. Paul Newman with his wife Joanne Woodward, 1963

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

7. Alain Delon and Romy Schneider, 1961

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

8. Audrey Hepburn with her husband Mel Ferrer, 1956

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

9. Elizabeth Taylor with her friend Roddy McDowall on the beach in California, 1948

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

10. A couple at a Rolling Stones concert in Philadelphia, 1978

© Meunderwears / reddit

11. Johnny Hallyday with Sylvie Vartan before he joined the military, 1964

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

12. A model and her friend on the beach in San Diego, the 1940s

© unknown / reddit

13. Brigitte Bardot and her husband Roger Vadim on the set of And God Created Woman, 1956

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

14. The actress Anouk Aimé and the composer Pierre Barou, 1966

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

15. The singer Charles Aznavour with his wife Evelyne, 1956

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

16. The actress Gina Lollobrigida with her husband Milko Skofic at the Cannes Film Festival, 1958

© parismatch_vintage / instagram

Which photo did you like the most? Share your opinions with us in the comments!

Saturday, October 17, 2020

Woman, 24, Lured On Tinder Date By 'Cult' Couple Who Cut Her Body Into 14 Pieces

Tinder user Sydney Loofe, 24, was murdered by Bailey Boswell, who claimed to be the queen of a witches coven, and her boyfriend Aubrey Trail, who told women that he was a vampire.

A 'cult queen' found guilty of brutally murdering and dismembering another woman who was lured on Tinder could be sentenced to death.

Bailey Boswell, 26, and her 54-year-old boyfriend Aubrey Trail, who claimed to be a vampire, strangled Sydney Loofe, 24, and then chopped the victim's body into 14 pieces.

Miss Loofe's remains were later found in bin bags scattered on the side of rural roads in the US state of Nebraska.

Boswell's trial heard that the couple told other dates they controlled a coven of witches, - with Boswell being the 'queen', they gained supernatural powers by killing people and had made videos of torture and murder.

After less than four hours of deliberations, the jury on Wednesday found Boswell guilty of first-degree murder, improper disposal of human remains, and conspiracy to commit murder.

Wearing a face mask due to the coronavirus pandemic, she hung her head as the verdicts were deliberated.

The state is seeking the death penalty for both Boswell and Trail.

Boswell is due to be sentenced at a later date. She could be the first woman in Nebraska to be sent to death row.

The trial was found guilty of first-degree murder following a trial in July 2019 and is scheduled to be sentenced in December.

Bailey Boswell, 26, could be sentenced to death at a later date.

Aubrey Trail was found guilty following a trial last year.

Prosecutors said Boswell used Tinder to lure Miss Loofe to the couple's flat in the city of Wilber in November 2017.

It is thought she was killed quickly, as her mobile phone was turned off 24 minutes after she arrived at the apartment.

her body was cut into 14 pieces using a hacksaw and tinsnips bought from a Home Depot shop just hours earlier.

Boswell and Trail wrapped the body parts in plastic bags and dumped them along rural roads.

Miss Loofe's remains were discovered three weeks later.

Boswell's trial heard from Ashley Hills, 23, who knew the couple and told the court that Trail claimed he was a vampire with 12 witches.

Boswell was alleged to have been the 'queen' of the witches' coven, the Journal Star reported.

Jurors were told that Boswell would contact young women on social media, and she and Trail together picked out a victim.

Trail whipped and choke Hills, and told her that she could also become a witch if she killed someone, the court heard.

Hills told the trial: "To get your power, you would have to breathe in someone's last breath."

She said Trail asked her to call him "daddy" and gave her an allowance of $200 (£155) a week, adding: "I liked the idea of being taken care of."

But she added that she now thinks he is a "psychopath" and a "con artist".