Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Introduction To Organisation Behavior

Organization behavior is a study and application of knowledge about how people as individuals and as groups act within an organization. It can be defined as the understanding, prediction, and management of human behavior in organizations. Organization behavior is related to other disciplines like Organizations Theory, Organization Development, and Human Resources Management.

The study of Organizational Behavior (OB) is very interesting and challenging too. It is related to individuals, groups of people working together in teams. The study becomes more challenging when situational factors interact. The study of organizational behavior relates to the expected behavior of an individual in the organization. No two individuals are likely to behave in the same manner in a particular work situation. It is the predictability of a manager about the expected behavior of an individual.


There are no absolutes in Human Behavior. It is the human factor that is contributory to productivity hence the study of Human Behavior is Important. Great importance, therefore, must be attached to the study. Researchers, management practitioners, psychologists, and social scientists must understand the very credentials of an individual, his background, social framework, educational update, the impact of social groups and other situational factors on behavior. Managers under whom an individual is working should be able to explain, predict, evaluate and modify human behavior that will largely depend upon knowledge. skill and experience of the manager in handling a large group of people in diverse situations. Pre-emptive actions need to be taken for human behavior forecasting. The value system, emotional intelligence, organizational culture, job design, and the work environment are important causal agents in determining human behavior.

Cause and effect relationship plays an important role in how an individual is likely to behave in a particular situation and its impact on productivity. An appropriate organizational culture can modify individual behavior. Recent trends exist in laying greater stress on organizational development and imbibing a favorable organizational culture in each individual. It also involves fostering a team spirit and motivation so that the organizational objectives are achieved. There is a need for commitment on the part of the management the should be continuous and incremental in nature.

Human relations movement refers to the researchers of organizational development who study the behavior of people in groups, in particular, workplace groups. It originated in the 1930s' Hawthorne studies, which examined the effects of social relations, motivation and employee satisfaction on factory productivity. The movement viewed workers in terms of their psychology and fit with companies, rather than as interchangeable parts. The hallmark of human-relation theories is the primacy given to organizations as human cooperative systems rather than mechanical contraptions.

Human Behavior is a very complex, no matter how you try to discuss it or even attempt an explanation of how and why we function the way we do! According to well-known psychologists "Myers-Briggs" and "Kersey," there are about sixteen distinct personality types, which define our personality. And somewhere mixed into all of this information they can tell us if we are either an extroverted or introverted type of person.

The human may be physically alike but not behaviorally. In fact, the same person behaves differently in different situations. This is due to the influence of various factors. The important among them include various models of a man like Economic Man, Social man, Organization Man, Self-actualizing Man, Impulsive Man and Compulsive Man, As such as human behavior is complex and dynamic.