Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Scope and Nature of Organizational Behavior

Organizational behavior is a field of study that illustrates the impact that individual, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization for his purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving organizational effectiveness i.e. organizational behavior is concussed with the study of what people do in an organization and how that behavior affects the performance of the organization. Underlying this systematic approach in the belief that behavior is not random. It stems from and is directed towards some and that individual believes, rightly or wrongly, is in his or her best interest. Organizational behavior is an applied behavior science the is built on the contribution from a number of behavioral disciplines.

The predominant areas are:

Psychology: The science that set to explain and sometimes change the behavior of human being. The contribution includes the study of topics like Motivation, Personality, Emotions, Job satisfaction, etc.

Sociology: The study people in relation to them human beings. The contribution includes the study of topics like Group dynamics, work team, communication, power, etc.

Anthropology: The study of societies to learn about human being and their activities. The contribution includes the study of topics like Organizational culture, Organizational environment, Cross-culture analysis, etc.

Political Science: The study of individual and groups within a political environment. The contribution includes the study of topics like Conflict, Intra-organizational politics, power, etc.

One of the most important and broad-based challenges currently facing organizations is adapting to people who are different. The term to describe this challenge is work force diversity. While globalization focuses on differences between people from different countries workforce diversity addresses differences among people within given countries.

Work force means that organizations are becoming more heterogeneous in terms of gender, which varies from the so-called norm. It includes Women, physically disabled. elderly, etc.

Work force diversity has important implications for management practice. Managers have to shift their philosophy from treating everyone alike to recognizing differences and responding to those differences in ways that ensure employee retention and greater productivity while at the sometimes, not discriminating. This shift includes, for instead, providing diversity training and revamping benefits programs to accommodate the different employees. Work force diversity if positively managed, can increase creativity and innovation in organizations as well as improve decision making by providing different perspectives on problems. When work diversity is not managed properly, there is potential for higher turnover, more difficult communication, and more interpersonal conflicts.

Organizational behavior studies encompass the study of organizations from multiple viewpoints, methods, and levels of analysis.

Nature of Organizational Behavior

Each individual brings to an organization a unique set of personal characteristics, experiences from other organization, the environment surrounding the organization and they also poses a personal background. In considering the people working in an organization, organizational behavior must look at the unique perspective that each individual brings to the work setting.

but individuals do not work in isolation. They come in contact with other individuals and the organization in a variety of ways. Points of contact include managers, co-workers, formal policies and procedures of the organization and various changes implemented by the organization. Over time the individual. too, changes, as a function of both the personal experiences and the organization. The organization is also affected by the presence and eventual absence of the individual. Clearly, the study of organizational behavior must consider the way in which the individual and the organization interact.

An organization, characteristically, exists before a particular person joins it and continues to exist after he leaves it. Thus, the organization itself represents a crucial third perspective from which to view organizational behavior.